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Fly fishing has a history stretching back to the ancient Greeks, whose historians record people fishing for "spotted fishes" with fixed-line wooden poles. They used for bait wound with cloth and animal hair –primitive fishing flies. More than 2,000 years later, people still fly fish, and they're still catching those "spotted fishes" and many other types besides. Fishing venues have expanded to include lakes, rivers, and even the ocean. With a continual flow of new adherents and constant technological advancement, fly fishing is likely to go strong as long as there are still fishes out there to catch.
Fly Fishing tricks insect eating fish into chasing and eating a fly landing on the water by using artificial flies. You also use heavy (usually plastic coated) line that will send the fly flying far enough onto the water. In fly fishing you cast the line, not the lure.
Great pride is taken in ones craftsmanship of his flies. There are specific techniques how to make realistic looking flies that fish will go after.
There are two types of flies, imitative and instinctive. The imitative ones resemble real flies, while imitative flies rely on triggering the fishes natural instinctive hunting strikes.
Flies can be 'dry flies' which float on the surface of the water, 'emergers' (partially submerged), or 'nymphs' 'streamers' or 'wet flies' which are below the surface. Some surface flies called poppers and hair bugs might look like mice or frogs. Dry flies can look like dragonflies, ants, caddisflies, stoneflies, beetles, grasshoppers, or mayflies. Sub-surface flies can look like crayfish, worms, leeches, baitfish, nymphs, pupae, or aquatic insect larvae. Wet flies called streamers imitate minnows, scuds, or leeches.